These are the Official Answers
for the 2022 Almaniac.

We posted them here on May 4.

These answers, explanations, and specific 2022 World Almanac page references are identical to those printed in the answer books,
mailed earlier in the week.

The answer books also include the procedure for filing a protest (objection) regarding any answer.

When scoring is done, we'll post here any protest results and we'll print and mail to everybody a complete results book.


May 17 update:

No question’s answer was affected by protests this spring.

******** Final results books are at the printer and will be mailed in about 10 days. ********


Question Number Answer Chapter 1

* Books and Bookers *

Q1

b) Yu and Mie

The world’s longest roller coaster, at 8,133.2 ft, is Steel Dragon 2000 at Mie in Japan, so the other half of Mie’s pair must be Yu, for Charles Yu, 2020’s National Book Award winner for fiction.

National Book Awards: p. 263

Roller coasters: p. 87

Q2

c) 2

Tuskegee Institute was founded by Booker T. Washington; the 1984 Booker Prize was awarded to Anita Brookner for Hotel du Lac [an English-language novel despite the non-Englishness of its title].  [Page 794 has two basketball photos: the photo on the right is the NCAA championship game [the lettering NCAA is on the basketball and also on the top of the backboard, plus the visible lettering on the offensive player’s jersey is LO, for BAYLOR, the college champions], so Booker [the Phoenix Suns’ Devin Booker] in the photo on the left is playing in the NBA professional game, not in the NCAA college game.]

National parks/monuments: p. 424

BasketballNCAA – Men’s tournament champions: p. 794

– NBA – Season highlights (2020-21): pp. 794, 933

Booker Prize: p. 261

Q3

a) Jethro Tull

The album is Aqualung; the invention (with hyphen added) is the Aqua-Lung, by French scientists Jacques Cousteau and Emile Gagnan.

Inventions: p. 285

Science – Scientists, noted past: p. 188

Rock and roll – Noted artists: pp. 216-18

Q4

d) McCallum

Mike McCallum was WBA middleweight champion 1989-91 and then WBC light heavyweight champion 1994-95.  [Thomas Hearns was middleweight champion only in the 1980s; Sugar Ray Leonard was champion in both weights, but only in the 1980s.]

Boxing: p. 965

Q5

c) McGee

It’s 2011’s A Sick Day for Amos McGee.  [Flora is in a Newbery book; Sophie is a Caldecott illustrator, not character.]

Caldecott Medal: p. 262

Q6

   NC  ;  is

[either upper- or lowercase is fine]  The last name of expedition outfitter Walter Raleigh (who named Virginia) is the same as the name of the capital of North Carolina, whose postal abbreviation is NC; Björk was born in Iceland, which joined with Norway in 1262 and whose government’s website address is www.government.is [not ic].

VirginiaName origin, nickname: p. 419

States, U.S. – Capitals: p. 417

Postal Service, U.S.: p. 360

Entertainers, noted present: p. 219

→ Iceland: p. 784

Q7

b) one of the 20 most popular …

Marshmello is #11 among YouTubers.  [Donovan performed “Mellow Yellow”.]

YouTube: p. 242

Inventions: p. 287

Rock and Roll – Noted artists: p. 216

Q8

d) dwarf planet with a highly elliptical orbit

Dwarf planet 2007 OR10 (provisionally) was named Gonggong in 2020.

Planets: pp. 342-43



Question Number Answer Chapter 2

* Names of Girls and Boys *

Q9

b) 3

Emma alone in 1880s and 1890s, Emily alone in 1990s.  [The year 2020 is not one of the 14 decades.]

p. 713 (given)

Q10

b) 3

Matthew in 1990s and 2000s, Lucas in 2020.  [The year 2020 is one of the 15 specified lines for Q10, though it was not included for Q9.]

p. 713 (given)

Q11

d) Rachel

Ricky Martin’s original last name is Morales, the same as the last name of 12th season The Amazing Race winner Rachel Morales.

Entertainers – Original names: p. 238

Reality TV: p. 251

Q12

b) Joey

A little kangaroo is called a joey.

Animals – Names for offspring/collectives: p. 711

Q13

d) Phoebe

Phoebe Fillmore’s son Millard died in 1874, the year in which Herbert Hoover was born; Phoebe Harding’s son Warren died in 1923, the year in which his successor Calvin Coolidge, son of Victoria, was inaugurated.

Presidents, U.S.: pp. 467-82

Q14

a) Chandler

Joel Chandler Harris

Georgia: p. 568

Writers, noted: p. 207

Q15

a) Friends

Friends United Meeting: 40,000 in 600 congregations.

Religion – Adherents, members: p. 699

Q16

a) Henry David Thoreau’s Walden was published

The treaty was drafted in 1853 but was ratified in 1854, when Walden was published.  [Marbury v. Madison was decided in 1803, van Gogh was born in 1853.]

Gadsden Purchase (1854): p. 433

Painters, noted past: p. 177

Supreme Court, U.S. – Decisions, notable: p. 560



Question Number Answer Chapter 3

* Know the Conƒtitution  *

Q17

c) erection of magazines

Section 8: ‘… Authority over all Places purchased … for the Erection of Forts, Magazines, Arsenals, …’

Constitution, U.S.: p. 456

Q18

a) giving of information

Section 3: ‘… give to the Congress Information on the State of the Union, …’

Constitution, U.S.: p. 457

Q19

c) corruption of blood

Section 3: ‘… no Attainder of Treason shall work Corruption of Blood …’

Constitution, U.S.: p. 457

Q20

d) domestic violence

Section 4: ‘… shall protect … against domestic Violence.’

Constitution, U.S.: p. 458

Q21

a) equal suffrage

‘… no State … shall be deprived of its equal Suffrage …’

Constitution, U.S.: p. 458

Q22

a) bound judges and religious tests

‘… the Judges in every State shall be bound …’; ‘no religious Test shall ever be required’

Constitution, U.S.: p. 458

Q23

d) The Way of All Flesh

Emil Jannings won the 1927-28 Actor Oscar for The Way of All Flesh.  [A 2020 Oscar-winning songwriter – whether also an actor or not – is Emile, with an extra e.]

Oscars (Academy Awards): pp. 268-71

Q24

a) Émile

In education (Émile, 1762) Rousseau stressed subjective spontaneity over regularized instruction.

Rousseau, Jean-Jacques: pp. 658-59

MM I

d) estimated number of … mechanics …

Mechanics held 306,301 certificates, flight attendants only 248,742 (footnote: airmen includes men and women).  [The certified mail fee for 50,000 pieces of unrestricted certified mail would be $3.75 x 50,000 = $187,500; Streisand and Carey combined certified album sales is 137.0 million, or 137,000 thousand.]

Flights → Aviation – Airmen/aircraft statistics: p. 329

Mail service: p. 360

Music and musicians – Top-selling albums, artists: p. 249



Question Number Answer Chapter 4

* Picking Up a Language *

Q25

a) his mind

The expression translates roughly as You are not of sound mind.’

Language – Non-English words, phrases: p. 713

Q26

c) pardon

Excuse me in English is equivalent to bao qian in Mandarin and pardon in French; Pardon My Take is the #8 2021 podcast.

Podcasts, most popular: p. 242

Language – Non-English words, phrases: p. 713

Q27

b) an asteroid

A theoretical structure, a space elevator has a cable that’s anchored at its outer extremity to a mass such as an asteroid.

Language – New words, English: p. 710

Q28

a) a multitude and swarms

He has erected a Multitude of new Offices, and sent hither Swarms of Officers … ’

Declaration of Independence: p. 452

Q29

c) fourth President of the United States

James Madison became rector of the Univ. of Virginia in 1826.  [Madison’s predecessor, Jefferson, became a widower of Martha.]

Architecture – Timeline: p. 729

Presidents, U.S.: p. 469

Q30

c) member of U.S. Congress from Massachusetts

Author Louis Auchincloss’s last name is the same as that of Congressman Jake Auchincloss of Massachusetts.  [The Signa painter is Morris Louis; the Senator is Jake Garn.]

Authors, noted → Writers, noted: p. 205

Congress, U.S. – House of Representatives – Members: p. 555

Painters, noted past: p. 176

Space exploration – Human spaceflight: p. 325

Q31

c) 3

Tinker AFB [Air Force Base] is a notable facility in Oklahoma, most of which (map on p. 420: all but its panhandle) was part of the Louisiana Purchase; Joe Tinker is in Cooperstown; a young mackerel is a spike, blinker, or tinker.  [Jessica is a tanker, not a tinker.]

Louisiana Purchase (1803): p. 420

→ Maps, world: p. 493

→ Oklahoma: p. 582

Hall of FameBaseball: p. 932

Animals – Names for offspring/collectives: p. 711

Ecuador: p. 771

Q32

b) 2

Steve Coll won for Ghost Wars in General Nonfiction in 2005 and Julia Wolfe won for Anthracite Fields in Music in 2015; Paul Harding won for Tinkers in Fiction in 2010 and Annie Dillard won for Pilgrim at Tinker Creek in General Nonfiction in 1975.  [Lynn Nottage’s Ruined and Ayad Akhtar’s Disgraced both were Dramas; Kiran Desai won a Booker, not a Pulitzer, for The Inheritance of Loss.]

Pulitzer Prizes: pp. 258-61



Question Number Answer Chapter 5

* Firsts and Seconds, Minutes and Hours *

Q33

b) no

Jefferson was born in 1743, after the First Silesian War (1740-42) and before the Second (1744-45).

Jefferson, Thomas: p. 469

War of the Austrian Succession (1740-48): p. 126

Q34

b) second it

He seconded the resolution introduced by Richard Henry Lee on June 7, 1776.

Declaration of Independence: p. 451

Q35

c) minute

to a very minute degree, in the Earth itself.

Tides: p. 310

Q36

b) One of Ours

Willa Cather won for 1923’s One of Ours.  [Michael Cunningham’s The Hours was 23 years ago.]

Pulitzer Prizes: p. 259

Q37

b) no

Each of a number of horses has won in more than one year, therefore at different ages; e.g., Tiznow in the 2000 and 2001 Classics.

Breeders’ Cup: pp. 970-72

Q38

b) Bubbling Over won Kentucky Derby

It was the 1926 Derby.  [Bubble gum was invented in 1928; Bardeen won a 1956 Physics Nobel, then became a double laureate in 1972; the beagle was best-in-show in 2015.]

Kentucky Derby: p. 968

Inventions: p. 285

Nobel Prizes: pp. 255-58

Westminster Kennel Club: p. 978

Q39

b) Derby County

Burnley FC won its sole championship in 1959-60; thereafter, Derby County won in 1971-72 and 1974-75.  [Tottenham Hotspur won after Burnley only in 1960-61; Chelsea’s last five wins all were not in the English League but in the Premier League, which was formed in the 1992-93 season; Real Madrid plays in La Liga of Spain.]

Soccer: p. 952

Q40  

NI  V  LS

For the first sausage, Eadulf wrote NI, the 2-letter top-level domain used by Nicaragua’s asamblea; for the second sausage, the letter V is common to the 2-letter postal abbreviations of Nevada (NV) and West Virginia (WV); for the third sausage, the 2 letters LS end Lesotho’s website address www.gov.ls [not le].

p. 817 (given)

States, U.S. – Capitals: p. 417

South Africa: p. 834

→ Lesotho: p. 806



Question Number Answer Chapter 6

* Casting Call *

Q41

b) doubt

They cast doubt on the claim; higher precision measurements are planned.

Cosmic background radiation: p. 337

Q42

b) doubt

It cast doubt on many laws restricting political spending.

Supreme Court, U.S. – Decisions, notable: p. 562

Q43

a) cast

He was cast into lion’s den; the kingly name is Darius.

Old Testament: p. 705

Persia → Iran – Persia: p. 650

Q44

b) hawks

Kettle is an alternate to cast for hawks; finches are in a charm, otters in a romp, vultures in a committee.

Animals – Names for offspring/collectives: p. 711

Q45

b) Birmingham

It’s in Birmingham’s Vulcan Park.

Alabama: p. 563

Q46

b) 1

The alcohol measure fifth = 1.6 pints (the same as a fifth of a gallon).  [The Fourth Crusade sacked Constantinople in 1204, the Scottish Lowlands’ belt’s ends are at Firths, not Fifths.]

Weights and measures: p. 358

Crusades: p. 126

Scotland: p. 847

Q47

c) fifth

Perseverance is the fifth NASA rover to explore Mars since 1997.

Planets: p. 339

→ Mars (planet) – Landings/exploration: p. 19

Q48

c) film whose 25th anniversary is this year

Bruce Willis’s The Fifth Element is a 1997 film.  [The classical four elements include water, not gravity, and with æther are not in the World Almanac in any case; the atomic weight of Boron’s isotopes is over 10, not between 5 and 6.]

Elements, chemical: p. 277

History – Anniversaries: p. 42



Question Number Answer Chapter 7

* Feeling a Bit Logy *

Q49

a) yes, the father of John Harrison

The campaign of William Henry Harrison (grandfather of President Benjamin Harrison, who was the son of John Harrison, whose father, therefore, was William Henry Harrison) included the slogan “Log Cabin and Hard Cider”.

Presidents, U.S.: pp. 470, 471, 473

Q50

d) Tungsten

The treaty was signed in 1959 by New Zealand, one of whose industries is logs and wood articles and the first letter of whose capital, Wellington, is W, the symbol for Tungsten.

Elements, chemical: p. 276

Antarctica – Exploration: p. 687

→ New Zealand: p. 817

Q51

d) logs

Pres. Biden said last May that he did not support the Justice Dept. policy to pursue journalists’ call logs.

Justice, Department of: p. 23

Q52

c) win the Kentucky Derby

Iron Liege won the 1957 Kentucky Derby.  [Sudetenland was invaded in 1938-39, over 80 years ago; Streep’s 2011 Oscar was for The Iron Lady, not Iron Liege.]

Kentucky Derby: p. 968

Oscars (Academy Awards): pp. 268-71

Q53

b) iron horse

It’s at 315 Iron Horse Way, Ste. 101, Providence.

Rhode Island: p. 584

Q54

c) iron out

left some key details to be ironed out.

Trade, trade tariffs: p. 15

Christmas Day: p. 349

Q55

b) Irons and/or c) Steele

[We did not intend for two answers to fit, but they do and we will score either of them correct – or both of them if both were marked.] Frank Irons won the 1908 Olympics Long Jump competition; Willie Steele won the same event in 1948.  [Although Fabrice Guy won the winter 1992 Nordic Combined Men’s Individual event, the World Almanac does not say that he won it for jumping [jumping is half; Combined includes cross-country]; also, although Hughes Fabrice Zango won the 2020 Triple Jump Bronze, he did not win the competition [Gold].]  Note: this does not affect Q81, since both Irons and Steele are on page 872.

Olympic Games – Summer – Champions (1896-2020): p. 872

– Winter – Champions (1924-2018): p. 880

Olympic Games: p. 859

Q56

c) 1990s Grammy Award winner for album …

Rock and roller Alanis Morissette has performed “Ironic” and won the 1995 best album Grammy for Jagged Little Pill; a section of the coast of Massachusetts is jagged.

Grammy Awards: p. 272

Rock and roll – Noted artists: p. 217

Massachusetts: p. 574



Question Number Answer Chapter 8

* Ems and Emmys *

Q57

b) river in Germany

Ems is one of Germany’s chief rivers, flowing toward the North Sea.  [A printer’s en is half an em, not vice versa; Ricch is featured in the single “Walk Em Down”, with no letter s.]

Germany: p. 778

Music and musicians – Top-selling albums, artists: p. 249

Printer’s measures: p. 358

Q58

b) Gail

Paintsville’s Crystal Gayle’s original middle name is Gail, which is the same as the last name of 2021 daytime Emmy supporting actor winner Max Gail.

Emmy Awards: p. 267

Entertainers – Original names: p. 238

– Noted present: p 222

Q59

a) Abe

Long’s shot put record, set in 1964, was superseded by Randy Matson’s put in 1968, when Abe Fortas was on the Court.  [Frankfurter left in 1962; Tom Clark left in 1967; Burger joined in 1969.]

Supreme Court, U.S. – Justices: p. 559

Olympic Games – Summer – Champions (1896-2020): p. 872

Q60

a) Desire

Desiree Linden won in 2018.

Boston, MA – Marathon: p. 978

Q61

c) Soo

They’re in Sault Ste. Marie but spelled Soo.

Huron, Lake: p. 696

→ Michigan: p. 575

Q62

b) GMC Sierra

General Motors sold both of the Chevrolet models plus the GMC Sierra: total 1,110,685; vs. 947,349 for Ford and 669,193 for Toyota.

Trucks → Motor vehicles – Sales: p. 80

Corporations – Business directory: pp. 405-06

Q63

a) Barney

Jim Unger drew Herman, also the first name of Herman Melville, who wrote Billy Budd, whose title character’s first name also is the first name of cartoonist Billy DeBeck, who drew Barney Google, whose last name is the same as the name of Alphabet Inc.’s internet-related Google.

Cartoonists: p. 178

Corporations – Business directory: p. 403

Authors, noted – Writers, noted: p. 208

Q64

d) Miller

Wiley Miller has drawn Non Sequitur, whose title is the same as the Latin phrase non sequitur.

Cartoonists: p. 178

Language – Non-English words, phrases: p. 711

MM II

a) 3,000,000,000,000

2.900 trillion, nearly 3 with 12 zeros.  [Septillionwould have 24 zeros; picotillion would be a tiny fraction, with a large number in its denominator.]

Cellphones, Smartphones: p. 296

Measures → Weights and measures: p. 356



Question Number Answer Chapter 9

* Hoops! *

Q65

b) 3

#11-ranked UCLA beat #5 BYU, then skipped past #14 Abilene Christian to beat #2 Alabama, then #1 Michigan.  The other Final Four teams had no upsets on their way there.

BasketballNCAA – Men’s tournament champions: p. 889

Q66

c) 2

BasketballNCAA – Women’s tournament champions: p. 891

Q67

d) Vitruvius, architect

Vitruvius flourished (fl. abbreviation) late 1st cent. BCE.  [Mughals date from the 16th century.]

Romans, ancient – Leading figures/rulers: p. 677

Abbreviations – Common: p. 711

→ Calendars: p. 347

Mughals: p. 656

Q68

c) type of novel written …

Suspense (1913 film); Briton Eric Ambler’s suspense novels.  [Bread is a 1918 film; Chaplin’s is 1914.)

National Film Registry (2020): p. 240

Writers, noted: p. 205

Presbyterian churches: p. 706

Q69

a) Stone

The quintuple Emmy-winning program is Modern Family (2010-2014); Modern is in the name of both New York’s Museum of Modern Art and Ft. Worth’s Modern Art Museum; no famous New Yorker has the name of any of last year’s Golden Globe Awards, but famous Texan Carol Burnett’s name is the name of the Golden Globe presented last year to famous “Nutmegger” [i.e., of Connecticut] Norman Lear; Ft. Worth’s museum was designed by Tadao Ando, who also designed the Stone Hill Center in Mass.  [Edward Durell Stone designed the interior of Radio City Music Hall as well as New York’s Museum of Modern Art, which is not in Texas.]

Emmy Awards: p. 267

Golden Globe Awards: p. 267

→ Texas: p. 587

→ Connecticut: p. 567

Architecture – Architects, noted past: pp. 173-74

Q70

d) no

The first year of the 1990s five-in-a-row comedy Emmys is 1994, for Frasier; in 1994 the outstanding drama Emmy was given to Picket Fences, whose name’s word Fences is the same as a word in the name of Garth Brooks’s 13th-ranking album No Fences, whose other word is No.

Emmy Awards: p. 267

Music and musicians – Top-selling albums, artists: p. 248

Q71

a) yes

Nobelist for Literature Salvatore Quasimodo traveled to Esmeralda: 9 letters each.  (2020 Presidential vote 474 total)

Nobel Prizes: pp. 255-58

NevadaPresidential elections: p. 522

Q72

a) dam in country that borders Austria

It’s a dam in Switzerland, which borders Austria.

Dams, major: p. 727

→ Switzerland: p. 838



Question Number Answer Chapter 10

* High & Low: Comparatively & Superlatively *

Q73

a) yes

Atlanta’s High Museum of Art is in Georgia – Little Richard is a famous Georgian; The Higher Power of Lucky was awarded the 2007 Newbery Medal; Scott’s single is “Highest in the Room”.

Museums: p. 243

→ Georgia (state): p. 568

Newbery Medal: p. 262

Music and musicians – Top-selling albums, artists: p. 249

Q74

b) no

Although Little Richard (originally Richard Penniman) and Girl Scouts founder Juliette Gordon Low both are famous Georgians; and The Lower Depths dramatist Maxim Gorky’s first name is the same as the last name of Hiram and Hudson Maxim of Maine; nevertheless, Hilton and Milton’s works are Lost Horizon and Paradise Lost, not Lowest.

Entertainers – Original names: p. 238

→ Georgia (state): p. 568

Writers, noted: pp. 207-08

Maine: p. 573

Q75

c) Lillian

President Carter’s mother’s name is Lillian Gordy Carter.

Presidents, U.S.: p. 476

Q76

a) Elias

Elias Howe invented his sewing machine in 1846.  [The Englishman Saint invented his in 1790, in the 18th century.]

Sewing machine (1846): p. 432

Inventions: p. 287

Q77

a) low, rolling coast

The coast is followed by the hills and mountains.  [Vermont’s backbone is 20-36 miles wide.]

New Hampshire: p. 578

Vermont: p. 587

Q78

b) no

The photo on p. 198 shows structures and cultivated fields on one bank of the canal.

Suez Canal: p. 198

Q79

d) 4

The #11 Broadway show is Rent, whose composer Jonathan Larson also composed tick, tick… BOOM!; the letters forming Rent are in the name of the Council of Trent; also in the name of the #12 magazine Parents; also in the word describing torrential rains.

Broadway → Theater – Broadway statistics: p. 243

Composers, noted: p. 212

Reformation, Protestant: p. 656

Magazines – Best-selling (2021): p. 245

Floods – Characteristics: p. 302

Q80

ELEVEN

Cartoonists Scott Adams and Berkeley Breathed both were born in 1957; 11 years later the 1968 Hambletonian was won by Nevele Pride, whose first name, spelled backwards and capitalized, is ELEVEN.

Cartoonists: p. 178

Hambletonian: p. 973

Q81

  32 

Pages are 262, 699, 711, 310, 563, 872, 889, and 476.  Sum of last digits is 2 + 9 + 1 + 0 + 3 + 2 + 9 + 6 = 32.